HOME
1500 - 1763 Discovery and First Spanish Period
1763 - 1783 English Period
1783 - 1821 Second Spanish Period
1821 - 1845 Territorial Period
1845 - Statehood
and Later
1861 - 1865 Civil War
Gulf Stream The Mapping of the Current
CONTACT US

 

Mapping the Civil War in Florida
In 1845, Florida became the last Federal territory to become a slave state. Slavery had spread south into northern and north-central Florida to support cotton growth which had become a major source of income. As early as 1854, the federal government became irritated by the decisions of territories and states to support slavery. The U.S government seized certain forts and ports in Florida to curtail commerce. Upset by these seizures and blockades, Florida decided to join the Confederacy. On January 11, 1861, it became the third state (after South Carolina and Mississippi) to secede from the Union. This decision was partially re-enforced by the election of the anti-slavery President Abraham Lincoln.

Florida formed a militia and seized some forts. The most significant of these were Ft. Barrancas at Pensacola Navy Yard and nearby Ft. McRee as well as Ft. Clinch at Fernandina. Other confederate seized areas in Florida were not as significant such as Ft. Marion near St. Augustine. The cities of Tampa, St. Augustine and Key West were held by U.S forces throughout the Civil War. Federal naval blockades of main ports of Florida – Cedar Key, Apalachicola, Tampa, Fernandina and Jacksonville – greatly interfered with trade and support of confederate troops with food and cattle.

Atlas of Florida. Editors: Edward A. Fernald, State Geographer, and Elizabeth D. Purdun.
Atlas of Florida

James R. Anderson, Jr. and Peter A. Krafft
1992
 

Pensacola

Atlas of Florida. Editors: Edward A. Fernald, State Geographer, and Elizabeth D. Purdun. Cartographers: James R. Anderson, Jr. and Peter A. Krafft.
The Harbor of Pensacola, showing the Forts and Navy Yard
Jefferys, Thomas
1763

Atlas of Florida. Editors: Edward A. Fernald, State Geographer, and Elizabeth D. Purdun. Cartographers: James R. Anderson, Jr. and Peter A. Krafft.
Sketch of Fort Pickens, Florida
Lt. Langdon
1861

Fernandina

Civil War. William Roberts. 1763.
Historical Maps of North America
Swift, Michael
1771

Civil War. William Roberts. 1763.
Florida Oriental. Boca y Barra del Rio Sta. Maria

Jacksonville

Davis, T. Frederick. St. Johns River, Jacksonville to the Ocean.
St. Johns River, Jacksonville to the Ocean
Davis, T. Frederick
1925

Olustee

Julius Bien. Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.
Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies
Julius Bien
1891-1895

Key West

Image of town from Florida... A.D. Bache. 1849-1853
Image of town from Florida...
Bache, A.D.
1849-1853

References

 
Credits: Website design by: Karl Fitzgerald, Fitzgerald Design